10 Active Deadliest Volcanic Eruptions In the World
Previously, the world has witnessed different volcanic eruptions which have been explosive and volatile. These volcanic eruptions have led to deadly situations and catastrophes in different areas in the world. They include:
1. Mt. Gallunggung in Java, Indonesia
In 1882, a volcanic eruption from this mountain was reported to have killed over 4,000 people while destroying over 114 villages in the process. The mountain is found in the Pacific Ring of Fire which is known with numerous volcanoes. This passes along the Asian coastline and Central and South America.
2. Mt. Unzen in Japan
This mountain is in Shimabara in Nagasaki. The mountain is known to have frequent volcanoes during several seasons of the year. In 1792, a massively eruptive volcano which was intensified by earthquake in that time took the lives of over 10,000 people. In the 1990s, the mountain also experienced strong eruptions.
3. Mt. Vesuvius in Italy
This mountain is in Naples in Italy. It has a large cone which produces smoke and lava during volcanic eruption. In 79 AD, this mountain was responsible of destroying the Roman City of Pompeii where over 20,000 people died. Its eruption stones, lava, stones, ashes, and molten rock went as far as 20 miles.
4. Nevado del Ruiz in Colombia
This is a stratovolcano which is in the west of Bogota. During eruptions, it produces different layers of lava, volcanic ash which is hardened, and rocks. It has ever had deadly volcanoes in 159s, 1635, 1845, and in 1985 claiming the lives of over 30,000 people.
5. Pelee in West Indies
It is in the northern part of Martinique. Its volcanic eruption of 1902 has remained to be the worst volcano ever seen in the 20th and 21st century. This disaster carried the lives of over 30,000 people in the process. It had massive pyroclastic flows and hardened ashes which destroyed Saint-Pierre City.
6. Tambora in Indonesia
This mountain has had the most intense volcanic eruption which reduced its height from 13,000 ft to 9,000ft. It claimed the lives of over 90,000 people in its 1816’s eruption. At the same time, it was believed to have changed global climate causing lengthy winters, crop failures, and livestock diseases.
The mountain claimed the lives of almost 10,000 people in the 1780s after a massive eruption. At the same time, it produced gases such as sulfur dioxide and hydrogen which caused acid rain and deaths upon inhalation. Its effects lasted for over two decades in Iceland.
8. Mt. Krakatoa
The mountain had an eruption that killed over 25,000 people. It also destroyed a lot of land, crops, animals, and property leading to the collapse of villages. The eruption also reduced the size of the mountain in about 66%.
9. Lamington in Papua Guinea
In 1951, this mountain killed 29,942 people due to an eruption. This eruption produced ash flows, heated lava, and rocks which flew to over 2 miles distance. The mountain is also active with less deadly volcanoes today.
10. Mt. St. Helens in Washington, US
The 1980’s earthquake which had a magnitude of 5.1 contributed to the volcanic eruption in this mountain. The eruption was accompanied by explosions that destroyed forests, bridges and roads, recreational sites, and houses. Although many people do not reside in the area near the mountain, the eruption claimed lives of about 51 people.
The 20th and 21st centuries have not witnessed numerous eruptions like the previous centuries. However, many mountains which have experienced deadly eruptions still remains active and potential of causing eruptions.